<$BlogRSDURL$>

Monday, March 29, 2004

FEATURE: US BASES AMERICA LATINA:

http://www.isreview.org/issues/03/Puerto_Rico.shtml


In 1956 the US Republican Party Platform (section 9 on Foreign Policy) called for
the establishment of American air and naval bases all around the world.


Major U.S. Bases in Latin America and the Caribbean:
(Number of Military Personnel Stationed or Maximum Allowed)


1. Award for Most Torture and Most Evil Base in Western Hemisphere:
Guantánamo Bay, Cuba -
(774 employees and 1000 kidnap victims.)
Recommendation: The UN should form a task force to help the Cuban liberate this atrocity that is such a terrible reminder of Colonial Imperialism and all that has gone so wrong in the USA.

2. Award for Base with the longest History of World Court Described Terrorist Activities by
the USA:

Soto Cano, Honduras -
(500) A permanent base that threatens all of Central America.
Recommendation: Bomb it with tons of rotten bananas until the fruit flies drive the soldiers to mutiny!

3. Award for the Largest and Most Polluting Base:
Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico –
(3,000.)
Recommendation: Island-wide referendum demanding massive reparations or blockade with fishing boats.

4. Award for Base Most Likely to Result in Popular (indigenous) Overthrow
of a Corrupt Government:

Manta, Ecuador -
(475, rumors of 600 soon).
Recommendation: Indigenous take over of the drug trade throughout Latin America to fund lobbying campaign against stupid USA military strategy – or to help pay for drug treatment in the
US so that the US fascists will have less reasons to invade.

5. Award for Most Confused Dutch Legislators (Marijuana?) -
Aruba (300) and Curaçao (300)
This is the least secure US base due to possible attack from Venezuela, tourists problems and eventual protests and the certainty that the Dutch will eventually figure out what is going on.
Recommendation: Write Holland!

6. Award for Multiple Use: Torture,
CIA Drug Running, and Foreign and
Domestic Interventions:
Comalapa, El Salvador (15 /no limit)

7. Award for Dumbest Name and Most
Nuclear Weapons:

Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico
(2,635)

8. Award for Military Base Most Important in Secretly Controlling an Entire Country:
US Embassy Bogotá . (Approximately 300 million employees.)
Recommendation: Admit that the USA is the commander of the AUC rightwing,narco-paramilitary death squad assasssins network and plead for forgiveness from the OAS and the Pope. (see Colombia F – Issue I., VOl. I).

9. Award for Newest US Military Base and
the First One Established by Drug Lords
without an International Outcry:

Port-Au Prince, Haiti. -
1200 US soldiers and hundreds of Embassy Spooks.Recommendation: Encourage another French Revolution or unification with Jamaica.

[ TO BE CONTINUED, EXPANDED and SUPPLEMENTED until they are all gone!]

"Base Structure Report" for fiscal year 2003, which itemizes foreign and domestic U.S. military real estate, the Pentagon currently owns or rents 702 overseas bases in about 130 countries and HAS another 6,000 bases in the United States and its territories. ...

Below nice background on base history and development:
http://www.monthlyreview.org/0302editr.htm

On any given day before September 11, according to the Defense Department, more than 60,000 military personnel were conducting temporary operations and exercises in about 100 countries.
http://www.counterpunch.org/jg03032004.html

Dis-Honorable Mentions, US Military Bases: US Global Awards


I. The Awards for Most Torturous and Copycat
Abu Gharib,
western outskirts of Baghdad, Iraq:

This prison is notorious for crimes committed by Saddam Hussein. The US has maintained the tradition by turning the prison into a massive illegal detention center for thousands of Iraqis picked up - without evidence - as supporters of the resistance. Many investigations are on going as Iraqis continue to report that they were taken there accompanied by friends who later turned up dead. Could become the Iraqi version of Kundoz, Afghanistan.

Reports of torture are numerous and some are not denied by the US Military command: see:

http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=topNews&storyID=4611896

Brigadier General Mark Kimmit, deputy director of operations in Iraq, said six US soldiers
from a military police battalion have been accused of conspiracy, dereliction of duty, cruelty, mistreatment , indecent acts with another and assault after a criminal investigation at the prison. A total of 17 US military personnel were suspended from duty during the investigations of the abuse of a group of 20 prisoners.

This cover-up could backfire as some of the US troops have told family they
plan to reveal the true natures of the incidents. This is not the first case of prisoner
abuse in Iraq: January 5 three soldiers were discharged for prisoner abuse at the Camp Bucca
detention center in southern Iraq. Investigations continue on the mistreatment of three Iraqis
working for Reuters and one working for NBC who were detained and abused on January 2, while
covering the shooting down of a US helicopter in Falluja. The grisly death toll of journalists in Iraq continues with the US murder of two Iraqi news people in March.

II. Award for TOP SPY BASE FOR THE US-UK Military Complex:
NSA Menwith Hill,

United Kingdom (1000s) On the evening of the day that the Director of Public Prosecutions dropped the case against Katharine Gun - the former translator who worked at GCHQ (accused of disclosing a spy request allegedly from a US National Security Agency official.) The request was for help from British intelligence to tap the telephones of UN security council delegates during the period of intensive diplomacy before the illegal US/UK invasion of Iraq.

We went to NSA Menwith Hill in solidarity with and in support of Katherine Gun who courageously spoke out. We held two upside down US flags with the words:
“ ??? - What Planet is GW BUSH From???”

Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases (CAAB) UK
anniandlindis@caab.org.uk or caab@btclick.com

http://www.1worldcommunication.org/ecuadorairbase.htm



II. A. CUBA: http://www.venezuelanalysis.com/articles.php?artno=1086
Noriega Lies about Cuban involvement in Bolivia

Original source / relevant link :

http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2004/enero/vier9/3mentira-i.html


The lies, fears and stupidity of the empire, Havana. January, 9 2004


“’It is clear that Fidel Castro’s actions have caught the attention of Latin America leaders,’ Roger Noriega U.S. assistant secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, affirmed, describing them as “increasingly provocative” to the inter-American community to which the United States has responded with express support for those countries allegedly affected by these actions, such as Bolivia.” One of the cables went on to say that according to Noriega, Castro is ‘stirring up the waters’... ‘fomenting discord and discontent in a conscious and destructive manner’ and making democratically elected governments vulnerable.”

This Mr. Noriega, a cynical and mediocre character, was one of the principal drafters and the central promoter of the Helms-Burton Act against Cuba. He is a close friend of the Cuban-American terrorist mafia in Miami. He assumed the post of assistant secretary when the Senate opposed the appointment of bandit Otto Reich, whose history of terrorism in the dirty war in Nicaragua is well known. It can be demonstrated that Noriega’s statements are, as usual, shameless lies. For the Cuban people, President Chávez embodies the Bolivarian ideas and spirit of the independence, unity and patriotism of the peoples of Latin America, whose ethnic origin, culture, religion and language have much more in common than any other group of countries in the world. They have the right and the duty to unite not only for economic reasons but also for their own survival. Cuba supports that right with all its might.

We are perfectly well aware of the ideas of Mr. Noriega and others of his sort consistent with murdering Cuban doctors in Venezuela with the complicity of Colombian paramilitaries in order to teach them a lesson and force them to withdraw their cooperation in the marvelous health plans being instigated by the Bolivarian government within the Barrio Adentro program, through which more than 12.5 million poor Venezuelans are receiving medical attention.

We have affirmed that for every doctor, teaching or sports collaborator who falls, many more are prepared to take their place. Full responsibility will fall on the United States.

Those who believe that the Cuban people can be intimated any time are defeated before they start!

III. A. US MILITARY NEWS
http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2003/julio/mier2/themilitant.html
U.S. government molds ‘mobile, agile’ military
Appointment of army chief promotes role of Special Operations forces
BY PATRICK O’NEILL, (The Militant) U.S. defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld has announced that a former head of Special Operations forces will serve as the new chief of the U.S. army. The appointment of retired Gen. Peter Shoomaker follows the promotion of the special forces to a key role in the military conquests of Afghanistan and Iraq.

III.B. US MILITARY NEWS

JIATF-East (for the Caribbean/Central American transit zone) came to be based in Key
West, Florida. In Key West, the Joint Southern Surveillance and Reconnaissance Operations Center (JSSROC) already functioned, originally set up to monitor military build-up in Cuba. The centre, which mission nowadays includes a supportive role in counter-drug operations, collects and processes
all military intelligence from air missions, radar systems, satellites and communication intercepts.
JIATF-South (for the South American source zone) operated from the Howard Air Force base
in Panama, but moved to Florida and merged with JIATF-East when the Panama base was closed
down in May 1999. The FOLs operate under this merged JIATF in Florida, placed under the command
of US Southern Command.

The Task Force co-ordinates the employment of ships and aircraft of US Customs,
the Coast Guard, the Navy and the Air Force and from allied nations with a military presence in the
Caribbean, namely France, Great Britain and The Netherlands. The Task Force is also meant to knot
together drug intelligence flows from law enforcement and intelligence agencies such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); Naval Criminal Investigative Service; Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the National Security Agency (NSA). Since the merger, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela have assigned liaison officers to JIATF. Improving co-ordination and intelligence- sharing between all the agencies and countries involved was meant to enhance the cost effectiveness of the combined surveillance capacity.
The merged JIATF also plays a major role in source zone interdiction, aimed at disrupting
drug trafficking within the Andean-Amazon region. These Air Bridge Denial operations were
suspended in the region after the 2001 shooting down of an aircraft in Peru carrying Baptist missionary
Veronica Bowers and her 7 month old daughter Charity. Both were killed after private AirScan contractors working for the CIA mistakenly suspected the aircraft of drug smuggling. In April 2003, a new agreement was reached with Colombia to resume Air Bridge Denial operations, after a careful review of procedures to prevent such dramatic mistakes in the future. To avoid liability risks, the guidelines for
JIATF attached to the agreement, stress that “U.S. personnel will not be a participant
in any decision to launch against or shoot down aircraft – as this is solely a Commander of the
Colombian Air Force’s decision.”1 After a series of test runs, operations in Colombia started again in
August 2003. Air Bridge Denial operations in Peru might re-start at the end of the year.

The current US Security Strategy, published in September 2002, also
highlights the need for “new
approaches to warfare, strengthening joint operations, exploiting U.S. intelligence advantages,”
defining this as “our first line of defense against terrorists and the threat posed by hostile states,”
and proposing “the proper fusion of information between intelligence and law enforcement”
because an all-source analysis system will be needed.
Changes in US military support for Colombia
While the aforementioned changes have become more radical and obvious with the
younger Bush’s presidency, there were already substantial modifications in counterdrug
activity in the hemisphere during the Clinton administration. Quoting the Center for
International Policy again, until about 1999 “Colombia’s National Police received nearly all
lethal U.S. aid. Washington was wary of getting too deeply involved in the country’s conflict (...). The
Clinton Administration nonetheless shifted the bulk of aid to the military in 1999 and 2000.” Since
March 1999, US agencies have been sharing intelligence “in real time” with the Colombian
armed forces, though they were limited by a Presidential Decision Directive (PDD-73) at
the time that only permitted such activity within the framework of counter-drug activity,
albeit without a guarantee of compliance with this restriction.16 Even then, it was
increasingly evident that the United States was blurring the conceptual difference between the War on Drugs and counterinsurgency.
On 2 August 2002, a legal provision regarding anti-terrorist emergency funds (HR 4775)
allowed “the Colombian government to use all past and present counter-drug aid –
all the helicopters,
weapons, brigades and other initiatives of the past several years – against the insurgents.”

In this context, CIP also mentions a possible renegotiation of the FOL agreements, which
currently prohibit the use of intelligence gathered from the sites for purposes other thann counter-drug efforts.18 There are indications that from the start for the United States the use of the FOLs may not have been limited to counter-drug activities. In June 1999, the Colombian newspaper El Espectador quoted
a US State Department source as saying, “The new counterdrug bases located in Ecuador,
Aruba and Curaçao will be strategic points for closely monitoring the guerrillas’ steps and their constant
incursions into Venezuela, Panama, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador.” One State Department document to
which El Espectador had access revealed the tactic used: “So as not to divert the missions,
which will initially focus on counterdrug efforts, and in order to avoid polemics in the international arena

See whistleblower thing on www.poynter.org/medianews - oct 31 memo about not showing bodies or casualties in Afghanistan - Harpers jan 02 p. 14

B. US MILITARY NEWS: http://www.wakeupmag.co.uk
CIA clandestine operators assigned overseas are called case officers; their tours of duty are normally
two to three years and most serve with false titles in American embassies. Some live under "deep cover"
in foreign countries, posing as businessmen, students, newsmen, union workers, missionaries or other "innocent" visitors. The case officer's role is to find agents willing to work with or for the CIA.
His aim is to penetrate the host government, learn its inner workings and manipulate it for the
Agency's purposes.

A network of agents - often hundreds - is built up in that country's government, military forces,
press, labour unions and other important groups. It is not just the party of government that is
infiltrated by the Agency, but usually every possible political party, group or organisation, so that
each can be steered in the desired direction, ready to serve the
CIA as and when the need arises. In his talk at the Council on Foreign Relations, ex-CIA chief
Richard Bissell listed eight types of covert action that the CIA uses to intervene in the domestic
affairs of other countries:
1. political advice and counsel
2. subsidies to an individual
3. financial support and "technical assistance" to political parties
4. support of private organisations, including business firms labour unions, industrial groups, etc.
5. covert propaganda
6. "private" training of individuals and exchange of persons
7. economic operations
8. paramilitary or political operations designed to overthrow or to support a regime


"It takes relatively few people and little support to disrupt the internal peace and economic stability of a small country." - WILLIAM CASEY, Director of Central Intelligence 1981 - 1987

Read Below the full text of the April and March Issues:
contact:
usoutamericas@lycos.com or uaoutamericas@yahoo.com
for more info or on how to contribute effectively.

Thanks to All...

Monday, March 22, 2004

SPECIAL EDITION – MARCH-APRIL Emergency Supplement

ISSUE 1, #2 MARCH 2004 – A Publication for Andes Rising:

Education: Bolivarian Resistance – Viva Chavez
A Magazine of Frontline Action Against US Imperialism:
Close All US Military Bases:
"People in Latin America no longer believe that
US-IMF-World Bank policies can work. More ominous for the US is
that people are rejecting liberal democratic politics and even US culture
ADIOS: US MILITARY BASES
Si… Resistance is Everywhere


Bolivarian Resistance: or The United States of Liars and Deniers

The dramatic events of Late March require this emergency edition:
“We just want to move from slavery
… to poverty.”


Each day the Global War of the US against peace and hope, strikes new blows:
1. The illegal assassination of the Hamas spiritual leader, Ahmed Yassin, in a helicopter missile strike outside a Gaza City mosque by the US surrogate Israeli-Zionist terror state. This Bush-Sharon insanity prompted threats of unprecedented revenge by Palestinian militants against Israel and the United States; 2. Bush pressuring the Polish president and others not to pull their troops out of Iraq;
3. The Pakistani civil war that the US instigates in the Tribal regions;
4. The revelations of US spying on the UN and leaders from around the world.
Send us more, send us your feelings and inside information about these evil actions and those that the CIA is hatching..

"Latin America is already occupied militarily for quite some time... a US military occupation under the aegis of combating drug trafficking and terrorism... the most important thing at this moment is not only preparing ourselves, organizing and mobilizing. Its important to prepare ourselves for a military confrontation, and I believe the Social Movements are quite conscious of this. The struggle will not be peaceful, it will not only be with stones, batons and blockades... the struggle will surely also be one of the armed military... when the people have lost their fear, I believe there is no military force that can stop this thirst for justice, for democracy and for well-being." -- International Socialist Review- Jan.-Feb 04 - p13 - The Executive Director of Cochamba Federation of Factory Workers and Coalition in Defense of Water and Life - Oscar Olivera - speaking during the November, 2003, Miami FTAA police riots; see also:

http://www.narconews.com/boliviaoscar.html; y en espanol:

http://www.socialistworker.org/Obrero/003/03_OscarOlivera.shtml

FEATURE: US BASES Latin America
Preview avaialable only by request or subscription at this time -

http://www.isreview.org/issues/03/Puerto_Rico.shtml

I. GLOBAL UPDATES:
A. UPDATE: THE BUSH DISASTER IN IRAQ UNWEAVES A WORLD;

By Petrana Marti
The Al Qaeda train system attacks on March 11 (exactly 2 1\2 years after 9-11) tricked Spanish PM Anzar into trying to exploit the attacks and help his re-election by blaming the attacks on the Basque separatist ETA. The ineptness of the Popular Party and strong anti-war sentiments against involvement in Iraq helped the underdog Socialist party win the elections and repudiate the policies of GW Bush (the son). Spain’s new leader, Zapatero said the US-created Iraq War was a disaster and a terrible mistake that has increased terror around the world. He also attacked Bush for lying about the weapons of mass destruction and encouraging Anzar to lie to the Spanish people.

Zapatero promises to take Spain closer to France and Germany who are seeking to unify a core group in the EU to form a European Army and oppose the US in international relations. Latin Americans hope that Zapatero will sympathize with the Zapatistas, Hugo Chavez in Venezuela and the people of Colombia. The rightwing in Spain are closely allied with drug cartels and one of the largest organized crime syndicates which have bribed and fought their way into control of Cancun, Mexicao and the Green Party; the AUC narco-death squads in Colombia and reactionary elements in Venezuaela and Miami (Cisneros, Noriega, Mendoza, etc.).

Whether Zapatero will act fast and remove the Spanish soldiers from Iraq and cancel the shipments of military aircraft and tanks to Colombia is uncertain.

B. GLOBAL UPDATES:

II. Haiti: The CHAOS OF A DECADENT EMPIRE; By Midels Solomon
Kidnapped and Deposed former president, Aristide, returns from imprisonment in the Central African Republic to Jamaica as he awaits his resumption of his presidential duties once the US occupation forces are removed. Aristide supporters continue to mobilize and demonstrate against US occupation, intervention and the kidnapping of Aristide in March. Hundreds of Aristide supporters were killed by CIA-directed Haitian death squad drug lords before the US forced Aristide to leave the country. Since then nearly 100 more have been killed – 6 by US military forces. One US soldier has been seriously wounded. The US-installed puppet government has recalled their Jamaican ambassador in protest of Arisitide’s presence. Jamaica and Venezuela refuse to recognized the government of US occupation. After two more Haitians were killed in poor neighborhoods by US soldiers, French troops have taken over patrols in some of these areas.

III. WOMEN GUERRILLA
A. http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/12%20Article.htm
Over 60 percent of a special platoon running a courier network in the sewers of the Polish capital were women. When the Warsaw Uprising fell the Germans granted over two thousand Polish women soldiers prisoner-of-war status, a fact unprecedented in European history. Women officers were sent to Oflag Molsdorf, whereas women of lower ranks were sent, among other places, to Stalag Oberlangen.
It has been estimated that almost 5,000 AK women soldiers perished during the war, i.e. almost ten percent of those in active service.

B. Women Guerrilla
See FARC statement on International Women’s Day:
http://www.redresistencia.org/insurgencia/0603diainternacionaldelamujer.htm


C. Women Guerrilla: Ivon “Juana” Tovar


Tovar maintained the image of a 22-year-old living at home with her parents – even a heart shaped pillow and a Winni-the-Pooh occupied her bed. October 2003, she was killed by police while attempting to assassinate Jorge Visbal, the head of the Cattleman’s Association and a known rightwing death squad supporter. Her comrades in the Antonio Narino front of the FARC escaped. Recruited by FARC from Bogota’s 26,000 student National University, Tovar received training in weapons and explosives and then assisted guerrillas that were infiltrating urban areas. Students have played key roles in many brave attacks including the 2002 mortar attacks on the US Embassy and Uribe’s inauguration ceremonies. Typical student recruits are poor and have profound sensibility for social justice and fairness. (Material drawn from www.csmonitor?2004/0210/p01s02-woam.htm

IV. ESSAYS ON WAR AND AWARENESS

A. ESSAY (and a beg): If I Had A Million Dollars:
I would show the world about the struggles going on everywhere against imperialism, privatizations, and corruption. I would bring them authentic reporting on those building real democracy, cooperative and experiments. – Video teams would be available with full newsroom backup to react quickly to rebellions and interview and report live with great photos and clips.
Make some of these reports entertaining – with humor – behind the scenes – like the "revolution will not be televised" – and make some tragic, like – horror stories in the jungle – and the jungles of US deception and spin control.
MORE: http://print.indymedia.org/news/2004/03/1732.php

B. ESSAYS: Who? Who? Who?
http://www.counterpunch.org/poem1003.html

Who stole Puerto Rico
Who stole the Indies, the Philipines, Manhattan
Australia & The Hebrides
Who forced opium on the Chinese
Who own them buildings
Who got the money
Who think you funny
Who locked you up
Who own the papers
Who owned the slave ship
Who run the army
Who the fake president
Who the ruler
Who the banker
Who? Who? Who?
Who own the mine
Who twist your mind…
Who own the airplanes
Who own the malls
Who own television
Who own radio
Who own what ain't even known to be owned
Who own the owners that ain't the real owners
Who own the suburbs
Who suck the cities
Who make the laws
Who made Bush president
Who believe the confederate flag need to be flying
Who talk about democracy and be lying
MORE: http://www.counterpunch.org/poem1003.html

C. ESSAYS: I am a mother and my children are hungry: The world is mad. http://www.counterpunch.org/reich1003.html

I am a young man who has been stripped of his humanity and sent out to prove his manhood in an endless, pointless game of mutual destruction, which is all the education anyone seems to be able to offer me just at present, and in my deepest and most secret heart, I wonder if it would have been better never to have been born in the first place, but in the meantime, with my tanks or my rocks or my rifle or my explosives or my bare hands, I will show that guy over there that I'm better at this stupid game than he is! So come on everyone, let's get them, kill them, show them who's a man around here and how dare they try to do that to us! We will never be vanquished! Mine is the real voice of young Palestinian and Israeli manhood.

I am a child and I'm worried. My mother cries secretly at night and my father is ashamed of something he cannot talk about. My sisters are afraid and my brothers are acting brave to cover up how frightened and confused they are. My grandmother needs a doctor and my grandfather sits and stares at the wall. I am only a child and I don't know for sure what is real and what is not, but I know that I'm scared all the time, so I guess mine is the real voice of Israeli and Palestinian children.

I am dead. I died with and without a weapon in my hands, I died inside a tank and shot by a tank, I died fighting and I died picking olives and I died riding on a bus and I died next to my greenhouse and I died at the door of my own house and I died eating pizza and I died suddenly by the side of an evil road that some people ride on and some people shoot at and some people guard and some people claim is sacred and some people made a profit from building in the first place over the graves of living trees torn up by their roots, and at this point I know only one thing for sure: I am dead, and for me it's too late. I am the real voice of the Palestinian and Israeli casualties, martyrs, victims, and heroes.

[The end message of put down arms and do something is extremely naïve, but the feeling and image is powerful throughout]

D. ESSAY: On the eve of the commemoration of September 11, the BBC World Service broadcast an interview--unthinkable in this country--with Gore Vidal, the brilliant, skeptical chronicler of US history and politics. Americans, he said, cannot look outside themselves: "they have no windows on the world, surrounded as they are by a corporate wall of propaganda." He thinks one of the falsehoods underpinning the propaganda is the notion that America is a uniquely virtuous country.

V. BEST OF THE WEB:
1. Venezuela y Continental Resistance: CONGRESO BOLIVARIANO DE LOS PUEBLOS:
www.congresobolivariano.org; organizacion@congresobolivariano.org

2. Colombia: English y Espanol; www.anncol.org: http://www.anncol.org/side/342

3. Workers World Party: http://www.workers.org/ww/2004/palestine0325.php

4. Socialist Appeal: http://www.socialistappeal.org/internationalnews/bolivia.html

5. Econotociasbolivia.com

6. WWW.solidarityeconomics.blogspot.com

7. www.economiasolidaridad.blogspot.com

8. Palestine essays: http://www.socialistworker.org/2004-1/491/491_08_TwoOccupations.shtml;
http://www.workers.org/ww/2004/palestine0325.php

9. www.rebelion.org

10. www.venezuelaanalysis.com

11. www.isr.org: http://www.isreview.org/issues/34/editorials.shtml

12. www.Americas.org

13. Nacla.org

14. Narconews.com

15. Colombiajournal.org

16. El Militante: http://www.elmilitante.org/index.asp?id=muestra_cat&cat=18

17. Marxist.com: http://www.marxist.com/Theory/a_turbulent_world__part_two.html

18. Indymedia.org (go to Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia sites)

19. http://www.redresistencia.org/campana/; y tambien: http://www.redresistencia.org/insurgencia/index.htm

20. Agencia Prensa Rural: http://www.prensarural.org

PHOTOGRAPHS and ART:
FARC Mujer y el eljercito
http://www.redresistencia.org/insurgencia/0303lasfarcepyelhumanismo.htm
Black and white manwoman colo
http://www.rebelion.org/gallery/view_photo.php?set_albumName=Cecilia_Areito&id=Afiche_Los_peces_R_sized
Black white child hunger resist colo
http://www.rebelion.org/gallery/view_photo.php?set_albumName=Cecilia_Areito&id=Afiche_Hambre_R
Colorcia colo
http://www.rebelion.org/gallery/view_photo.php?set_albumName=Cecilia_Areito&id=La_CIA_y_la_dictadura_colombiana
RED with US as Shark – CIA

http://www.rebelion.org/gallery/view_photo.php?set_albumName=Cecilia_Areito&id=TPI_Paramilitarismo_y_CIA

VI. BOLIVIA: October 19, 03

A. "We will be soldiers of the people" - From Socialist Appeal: Bolivia: balance-sheet of the insurrection "A revolutionary party was missing" By Jorge Martín
In the massive open cabildo in a mood of celebration the leader of the El Alto Workers’ Union, Roberto de La Cruz, took this oath before the tens of thousands of workers, miners, peasants, coca growers and local people present: "Do you swear to struggle without betrayals until the real aims of the peoples of this country are achieved, until the poor, the workers and the peasants take power in a short space of time, and without betrayal? Will you struggle? For this, do you now take this oath to be fighters of the people? Jallalla, Tupak Katari and Bartolina Sisa…

The answer of tens of thousands of people present was a massive shout of "yes we swear" which reflects the real feelings of Bolivian workers and peasants and which leaves the new government no room for manoeuvre… the crucial task posed is that of building a Marxist leadership which would guarantee the victory for which so many have already given their lives. The more this historical necessity is delayed, the bigger will be the price that the heroic oppressed masses of Bolivia will have to pay.
The Andes Rising collective agrees with this analysis and only suggests that a more detailed plan for the type of economy we are struggling for should be delineated: something along the lines of the Chavez program with government support to cooperatives; the nationalization of all key resources and industries; massive land redistribution and popular assemblies for deciding on local investment decisions.
Everywhere the people should: Mobilize; Strengthen the democratic organisation of workers and peasants; Organise the workers’ and peoples’ self-defence; Demand a national assembly of elected and recallable delegates to pose the taking of power: For a Socialist Bolivia within the framework of a Socialist Federation of Latin America.

B. Enemies of the Bolivian People: The previous ambassador, Manuel Rocha, and the current ambassador, David Greenlee, are famous in this land for bandying about the T-word. The embassy seeks to stain any growing social or electoral movement with the brush of “terrorist.” Also former president Goni Lozado and current (temporary) president Carlos Mesa.


VII. ECUADOR:

A. ECUADOR: Traitor Gutierrez’s Ecuadorean Armed Forces Break Neutrality
http://www.latinamericapress.org/Article.asp?lanCode=1&artCode=3645

The questions about the participation of the Ecuadoran government in Juvenal Palmera’s (a mid-level FARC officer) arrest and its cooperation with the Colombian government increased when it became known that the army had ordered an impressive military operation on Jan. 26, sending 300 soldiers of Jungle Batallion 29 Napo into Pueblo Nuevo in Sucumbíos to seize arms and provisions allegedly belonging to the FARC’s Block 48. Block 48 operates in Teteyé, a Colombian town located next to Pueblo Nuevo and separated only by a river 10 meters wide.

Analysts agreed that with these operations Ecuador’s traditional neutrality towards the internal Colombian conflict was broken and that the second phase of Plan Colombia — corresponding to the regionalization of this country’s internal conflict — appeared to have begun. This phase is seen to involve coordination in operations between the intelligence services and military and police forces of countries that, due to pressure from the United States, would be willing to get involved in Colombia’s conflict.

B. ECUADOR:
http://www.rebelion.org/internacional/040216iza.htm
Intelectuales y artistas ecuatorianos se pronuncian frente a la violencia política en su país - ALTERCOM - Por la paz contra el Fascismo El atentado contra Leonidas Iza, presidente de la CONAIE y del que resultara trágicamente heridos sus familiares, en especial su hijo, Javier, representa un acto inaudito que hiere profundamente el corazón de los ecuatorianos.

VIII. COLOMBIA:
A. COLOMBIA: Why so much bloodshed in Colombia? A 1,600-mile drive in search of answers
'Where is the peace?' ask school children at a centennial parade in the town of Santa Sofía, Colombia.. BY GARY PAYNE, SANTANDER PROVINCE
It's decision time for my son Sayer and me. On a road just outside the northeastern Colombian city of Bucaramanga, our rented Jeep is approaching a slow-moving transport truck loaded with a dozen uniformed soldiers wearing red scarves, a sign they're members of the National Liberation Army (ELN), the nation's second-largest guerrilla group. The next day, asking for directions in the nearby town of Pamplona, we meet an army instructor that has lost faith in the war on drugs. After a long discussion, he asks us to address his student soldiers about the U.S. role in Colombia. "I can't say these things," he explains. "But you can, because you will soon be leaving here." Discussing these matters openly in a Colombian military facility sounds dangerous, but we accept his offer. In their modern classroom, the recruits surprise us. Some refer to the war on drugs as a "Trojan horse," a pretense for expanding the U.S. military presence in their resource-rich nation. After all, notes one of the men, "both sides are running drugs, so why prosecute only half of the traffic?"

Few of the soldiers support the U.S.-backed spraying of glyphosate, a coca-killing herbicide made by St. Louis-based Monsanto (a company that manufactured Agent Orange, a carcinogenic defoliant the United States showered on Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War). The Colombians recount horror stories of human and animal sickness near spray zones. They say unauthorized substances are somehow getting into the mix, that the chemicals are concentrated, and that whatever comes out of the helicopter nozzles finds its way into Amazon River headwaters.

B. COLOMBIA: FARC Leader Ill – But Still Working To Conquer Peace with Social JusticeMono Jojoy and Alfonso Cano - as well as - Raul Reyes, Marulanda's son-in-law, a FARC spokesman and financial adviser have been mentioned as possible successors to FARC's enigmatic military strategist. James Petras called Marulanda one of the left’s greatest strategist – on a par with General Giap of Vietnam – the architect of Dien bien Phu.

C. Colombia: Jan. 29, 2004; Colombian Rightwing Paramilitaries Linked to Global Drug Ring, Tiempo Says
http://quote.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000086&sid=aoMDek4DHaEw&refer=latin_america
Police in Colombia, Italy and four other countries captured 120 suspected drug traffickers with alleged links to Colombia's anti-Marxist paramilitary groups, the daily El Tiempo reported, citing authorities.
Police seized 5,500 kilograms of cocaine found hidden in five-ton blocks of marble and plastic pipes that arrived in southern Italy from Colombia, the Bogota daily said, citing Italian authorities. The ring had been shipping drugs to southern Italy via Africa for the last three years hidden in tuna cans, leather, plastic and fruit shipments sent by front companies, the daily said, citing Italian authorities and Colombian Police chief Gen. Jorge Daniel Castro.

IX. FACTS AND FRUAD:
A. FACTS: July 19 – NYT – p. A1 – In Mexico exports quintupled in 12 years ( 1988- 2000) In Bolivia poverty fell from 86 to 58.6 percent [data since 2000 could refute this). “ We privatized and we do not have less poverty, less unemployment…We are looking at reality.” -- Mayor of Aeriquipa, Peru. 44% Lat Am live in poverty – unemployment has doubled since 1992. In Colombia 60 percent of the people live on $2 a day, in rural areas about 40 percent live on one dollar per day. In 2003 the Colombian narco-government arbitrarily detained 125, 778 civilians according to Colombian lawyers.
B. FRAUD: US sells more weapons than the rest of world combined. US spends more on defense than rest of world combined. The US refuses to participate in the UN or the International Criminal Court. Abolish the Security Council - Make the UN Democratic - Isolate the US before the disease spreads.

X. VENEZUELA:
A. Bolivarian Circles and Bolivarian HousesA major social movement in Venezuela is Bolivarian Circles (Circulos Bolivarianos or CB’s). CB’s began appearing in 2000. They began as community groups studying the Constitution and Venezuelan history and went on to work on local community improvement projects. Groups began addressing larger issues such as health and education. Eventually these groups expressed their desire to participate directly in the making of decisions that affect their communities. Realizing this desire, the president called for the creation of the CBs as a mechanism for this participation and many of the aforementioned community groups became CBs. There are now 2.2 million people formally registered as CB members.

Each Circle consists of 7- 10 individuals whose members enjoy equal status. Each Circle’s immediate function is community involvement consistent with the needs of their specific location. This participation may manifest in diverse forms such as repairing neighborhood infrastructure, promoting cultural events, or participating in nationwide programs. The Circles have taken their organizational structure to a more complex level in addition to their traditional, local character. The CBs are now organizing themselves into Bolivarian Houses (Casas Bolivarianas). This new structure seeks to unify the efforts of the Circles, along with various other civil society associations, in order to tackle complex issues that are regional, national or even international in character. The first House was opened in the Caracas township “23 de Enero” (“23rd of January”). In the next two years 1078 Casas will be opened: roughly one per parroquia. CB literature describes Bolivarian Houses as “community spaces for meetings, interchanges, articulation, unity and fortification of the organizations, movements, and institutions linked to the construction and consolidation of popular power and oriented in the defense, construction, and development of the proposed project of the country and the new society described by the Constitution.”
Participating civil associations will organize themselves among 10 areas of activity according to their interests and abilities: planning and development; education; social economy and productive work; culture, and communications; food security; health and environment; safety and social services; infrastructure, urbanization and transport; tourism, recreation and sports; and Latin American integration, international solidarity, and sovereignty. [4]

Circles are eligible for funds under the same guidelines as any other organized group as defined by FIDES, the Special Law of Cooperatives, and similar laws regarding public resources. The national office offers oversight, organizational infrastructure, logistical and technical support, but has no resources itself. In the Parroqia 23 de Enero neighborhood, where there is a long tradition of community activism, the Circles are seen as the new kids on the block by older groups such as the Tupamaros and Coordinadora Simon Bolivar.

The military has aided many groups and communities in disaster relief, school construction, road building, and more. Twenty thousand homes were built through an Army-community alliance called Avispa, a similar civil- military project called Reviba has rebuilt 10,000 homes (Argerich, 2003), and soldier-aided Mega Markets are selling 112,000 tons of food each month in poor regions at discount prices (Toothaker, 2003). To combat undernourishment in Venezuela and to secure national food self-sufficiency the plan All hands to the Planting (Todas las Manos a la Siembra) incorporates several programs such as the Urban and Suburban Agricultural Program (Programa de Agricultura Urbana y Periurbana) and Zamoran Farms (Fundos Zamoranos). The first program is a campaign to turn abandoned urban land into community gardens. Army personnel, Cuban agricultural experts, and neighborhood volunteers are working to move 2,470 acres of Caracas and surrounding areas into vegetable cultivation within the year. The second program seeks to build civic- academic alliances. With two pilot farms already in action, university students are earning degrees in agricultural disciplines working alongside experienced farmers employed from the surrounding community.

The Bolivarian Women’s Movement, the Bolivarian Workers Federation, the Bolivarian Youth Foundation, Bolivarian student organizations, Bolivarian federations of doctors and other new groups are stepping outside the usual boundaries of “issue activism,” to see the goals of their movement as part of a larger overall transformation of society.

The integration of movements across issues is a significant feature of the Venezuelan Revolution. Across the globe social movements separately tackle a diverse array of concerns. The Bolivarian Revolution is formally taking a bold, unique road of integration via networks of cooperatives and Bolivarian Houses, that function to pull together the efforts of traditional activist camps in hopes of eliminating the inefficiency and clashes that plague “issue” activism. The world is watching as the experiment unfolds and some are even signing on.

There are 22 Bolivarian Circles in the United States, Canada and Western Europe. International Circles perform acts of solidarity and work for the improvement and empowerment of their own communities -- emulating the Bolivarian process and sharing in its growth and experimentation. These cross border relationships are forming among Indigenous peoples, land workers and independent media. Venezuela’s vision for the future is based on its ability to embrace its history and to draw from its culture to construct a unique model of development, one that is flexible and transferable across nations. The Bolivarian Revolution invites us all to join in the making of our collective future.
See Also: http://www.circulosbolivarianos.org/

B. VENEZUELA: March 1, 2004
Dear Senor Hugo Chavez: Teach GW Bush a Lesson
“George Jr. thinks coca is an evil bush. Most people know an evil Bush when they see one.”
(See www.bolivarianresistance.blogspot.com, Issue 1, #1 March for what Chavez should do to confront US aggression and build a revolutionary movement)

C. Venezuela, March1, 2004
[This is the best article to capture the strategic context of all actions to help the Andes region, this version has been edited from the original: M.S.]
Venezuela and Colombia: Two brother peoples that are resisting the imperialist offensive together;
By Eduardo Farfan, a Venezuelan popular activist
http://www.farcep.org/pagina_ingles/
The US has drawn up an expansionist, war-mongering plan for South America embodied in the FTAA. One of its elements, Plan Colombia, places special emphasis on Venezuela and Colombia as countries of the Andean region that constitute an important obstacle to the imposition of its hegemony.
We Venezuelans have been obliged to play a decisive role in the current phase of the imperialist expansion because we possess such rich petroleum deposits, invaluable bioenergetic resources in the Amazonia, are the neighbors of Colombia and Cuba, and have a Constitution that prohibits the installation of foreign bases in our territory or use of our airspace for military actions and declares our territory a zone of peace. This of course forbids any possibility of an attack being launched, legally, from our soil against the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) or the National Liberation Army (ELN) or Cuba, which impedes the smooth application of Plan Colombia that the empire needs.

As Simon Bolivar said, “Our homeland is America” and “the US seems to be destined by Providence to plague America, in the name of freedom, with hunger and misery.” In the popular movement we are clear that only a political alliance of those who have always been excluded, armed with a program, a plan of struggle and our own, autonomous political project, will be capable of defeating the counterrevolution. This is what we strive for in our daily work with the communities that are organized.

We believe the hour has arrived for the Latin American peoples and particularly the people of Venezuela, because what happens to us here will be critical for the brother Colombian people, and what happens there will also have repercussions here; there is no other alternative but to develop joint plans and programs, convert our borders into zones of revolutionary Bolivarianism. And what is more, it is already clear that in order to hit Cuba, that strategic alliance of evil will first have to bring down Venezuela and the insurgent forces of Colombia.

It is essential to rescue the spirit of popular rebellion and build the foundations of a true popular power with a sense of political and geographic territoriality, where the alternative communications media are the fundamental instrument for the organization and education of the people… we know that the next time the fascists are going to shoot and we want to avoid as many losses as we can.
The hope of the Bolivarian revolution is not in the parties that are with the President, nor in the patriotic sector of the armed forces. The real actor is the organized people where there exists true leadership that is for structural changes, those for which the Bolivarian Constitution is not an end but an instrument for deepening this process of democratic change. We are faced with the great challenge of becoming a country that advances toward socialism. If Simon Bolivar had to struggle against the monarchy to establish the liberal republic, we have to fight against that liberal republic to build our own model that fits our Latin American homeland’s yearnings for freedom.
As never before there is a space in Venezuela for freedom; no one is persecuted for publicly expressing their views. Our weakness is that there does not exist clear leadership other than that of President Chavez and the endeavors at unity in the bosom of the people are still very fragile. We are sure that those new leaders will appear in the midst of the struggle to guide our ship to a secure port. Little by little we will build the necessary instruments.

XI. BRAZIL: BIG DAMS THREATENED WITH CIVIL DEMOLITION:FOCUS ON TRADE NUMBER 97, FEBRUARY 2004 http://www.alainet.org/active/show_text_en.php3?key=5758
A. BRAZIL: "Jose Josivaldo de Oliveira from MAB, a Brazilian movement of people affected by big dams addressed thousands of Indian villagers and indigenous people at a large conference on development induced displacement organised by the National Alliance of People Movements (India). He explained that they had waited long enough to see an end to the policies of building large dams, evicting farmers from their land. His movement is now planning to open the dams and, if necessary, to break them in order to recover people's land, livelihoods and dignity.

This magazine – Adios: US MILITARY BASES; brings you frontline reporting about the people struggling to make a new world in the Americas. You can make this happen, you can be a Bolivarian Circle, and you can spread the word about what we need to make this a useful tool to understanding and mobilization.
Photos, inside stories and secret documents from US military activities in Latin America can create interest and inspire other whistle-blowers. Seek out Interviews, photos and research on the insurgents, the fighting women and the strategies that can win the war: the war for hearts and minds… and the war for land and opportunity.
If you missed Issue 1, #1 check it out for Movie and Book Reviews, Many articles on Colombia and a view inside the struggles in Latin America. – Thanks – Editorial Staff.

In the event that we are shut down, check Indymedia Chiapas and Seattle for updates and new links!




Friday, March 05, 2004

ISSUE 1: #1; MARCH 2004–Publication for Andes Rising:
Education: Bolivarian Resistance – Viva Chavez
A Magazine of Frontline Action Against US Imperialism:
Close All US Military Bases:

"Most of the people in Latin America no longer believe that
US-IMF-World Bank policies can work. More ominous for the US is
that people are rejecting liberal democratic politics and even US culture

ADIOS: US MILITARY BASES
Si… Resistance is Everywhere


From Japan to the 2004 Mumbai, India World Social Forum and the streets of Quito, Ecuador 100s of millions of people are calling for an end to US militarism and an end to US economic domination. In Latin America we have a long history of Yankee (Gr!!!ngo) meddling and terrorism. There have been very few wars in the Americas and the people who share the hemisphere with the US have never been any kind of threat and yet the US has intervened, backed dictators or overthrown governments in every country in the region -- some many times (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba, Colombia, Brazil…Haiti come to mind). Somehow the US kept this up despite rulings by the World Court and condemnations from Europe and the UN.

P H O T O L I N K S - - - Fumigation and State Terrorism
http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2004/03/1682845.php

http://www.rebelion.org/gallery/view_photo.php?set_albumName=Cecilia_Areito&id=Fumigaciones_del_plan_Colombia


So why revolutions everywhere now?

Why will Wal-Marts and Monsantos soon be burning or taken away?



The US is one very tricky salesman. In cahoots with the Latin American elite the US imported US products, US marketing and US culture: glamour, adoration of the rich-and-beautiful and greed. We already had some weaknesses in these areas and in most regions the church, the Catholic Church, went along with the program… in Colombia and Guatemala they still bless the Death Squads. Latin America continues to be the only region where the US maintains a trade surplus. Capitalism creates crisis. Corruption. Free trade neoliberalism has been an orgy of privatizations and foreign investments. Selling off the national treasures to giant corporations kept our economies going for a few years, but now the debts are pilling up and the promised jobs don’t exist. Most of the people in Latin America no longer believe that US-IMF-World Bank policies can work. More ominous for the US is that people are rejecting liberal (representative) democratic politics and even US culture, materialism and hype.
Now we have Bolivar, Chavez, the Amayra, the Andes, Piqueteros, Augusto César Sandino, Emiliano Zapata and we still have Che… always Che
(Y tambien tenemos: José Carlos Mariátegui, Camilo Torres Restrepo, Manuel Vázquez Castaño, Manuel Pérez Martinez, Jacobo Arenas, Farabundo Martí, Carlos Fonseca Amador)

Each of these names represents tens of millions of people who won’t listen anymore to the foreign bankers, the White House or the Miami-based elite of Latin America. We make our own future. As a Bolivian urbanized peasant said during the recent overthrow of President Goni Lozado “We just want to move from slavery to poverty.”

The US has military programs, bases or spies in every country in Latin America Only Cuba and Venezuela restrict US official activities. We want this entire military-espionage regime out! We won’t pay you anymore debt peonage and we take back all of our resources, our industries and our power. The Venezuelan military just quit – dropped out – of the US SOA-Wisk military torture training school where 60,000 Latin American officers have been trained and embedded in US plans. Many thousands of Latin Americans have been tortured, raped, assassinated, "disappeared," massacred, and forced into refuge by those trained at the SOA.

This magazine – Adios: US MILITARY BASES; brings you frontline reporting about the people struggling to make a new world in the Americas. You can make this happen, you can be a Bolivarian Circle, and you can spread the word about what we need to make this a useful tool to understanding and mobilization.

Photos, inside stories and secret documents from US military activities in Latin America can create interest and inspire other whistle-blowers. Seek out Interviews, photos and research on the insurgents, the fighting women and the strategies that can win the war: the war for hearts and minds… and the war for land and opportunity.

See Final page For THE FEW THE BRAVE – THE GENOCIDAL – US Military Base Awards
http://ecuador.indymedia.org/es/2004/02/4896.shtml

I. A. VENEZUELA: March 1, 2004
Dear Senor Hugo Chavez: Teach GW Bush a Lesson“George Jr. thinks coca is an evil bush. Most people know an evil Bush when they see one.”


At the beginning of the year, President Chavez declared this the year that the Bolivarian Revolution would take the offensive. In the realm of social policy great strides were made. The economy is the fastest growing in Latin America and high oil prices guarantee that the government will have enough money to fund expansion of the agrarian reform, urban land reforms, education and investments in state-owned and local businesses. In foreign policy Chavez has been a beacon for the whole hemisphere, championing South American integration and his ALBA plan to replace the FTAA and dependence on the US.

Despite the odious involvement of the US in Venezuelan, Bolivian, Colombia, Ecuador and Curacao/Aruba, Chavez has been polite to Bush and his foreign policy mouthpieces. With increasing evidence of past and present US collaboration and funding of the opposition – AND the US kidnapping of Haitian President Aristide, Chavez is forced to act strongly. First he should continue to replace unreliable military and diplomatic employees. Good riddance to Venezuela's Ambassador to the UN, Milos Alcalay, who tendered his resignation in protest over what he termed Chavez’s conflict diplomacy.
http://vheadline.com/readnews.asp?id=16221

Other actions that Chavez could enact:
1. The Venezuelan National Assembly , where the government maintains a majority, is about to petition the Supreme Tribunal of Justice to immediately dismiss Chacao Mayor Leopoldo Lopez, Baruta's Enrique Capriles Radonsky, El Hatillo's Alfredo Catala and the Governor of Miranda State Enrique Mendoza, among others, for having abandoned their constitutional obligations as elected-officers. Opposition protesters rioted and committed acts of violence in recent weeks while the local police did nothing.
http://vheadline.com/readnews.asp?id=16220
2. Increase regulation and monitoring of private news media and require them to run more public service announcements. Investigate the Cisneros Group.
3. Release information on US-CIA involvement in drug trafficking and weapons smuggling.
4. Release information and continue investigations of White House dirty tricks experts Otto Reich, Roger Noriega and the other ex-Cuban Miami terrorists.
5. Increase efforts to interdict and arrest drug organizations related to the Colombian death squads (AUC) and the Colombian government. Increase border patrols with Colombia and set up listening devices to record communications between the Colombian armed forces, the death squads and their US advisers.
6. Restrict travel by wealthy Venezuelans and require background investigations of US, Colombian and Haitian citizens entering the country.
7. Maintain currency controls and investigations of tax paying by opposition and US connected businesses and organizations.
8. Phase out the US embassy and all US governmental offices in Venezuela. Post guards and restrict entry and exit from these buildings.
9. Accept only Euro currency for oil, institute a surcharge on all exports to the US and all US ships and planes entering or leaving the country. http://vheadline.com/readnews.asp?id=16154
10. Stop oil and other exports to US client regimes in the region starting with the Dominican Republic and Haiti… then Aruba and Curacao… and aimed at Colombia.
11. Form closer relations with Andean Indigenous groups, campesino organizations, Cuba, Trinidad, Bolivia and Colombian departments on the Venezuelan border.
12. Sell CITGO and all non-Venezuelan-based assets; place high tariffs on luxury goods.
B. VENEZUELA: February 9, 2004.
Chavez continues Solidarity Economics program of Cooperatives and Bolivarian Circles
http://www.venezuelanalysis.com/articles.php?artno=1103
Civil Society, Social Movements, and Participation in Venezuela's Fifth Republic; By: Dawn Gable

# See also, a booklet on combining the policies of Chavez and the Brazilian MST;
SolidarityEconomics and Excerpts from Adios on Cuba:

http://www.solidarityeconomics.blogspot.com

The most notable social movement in Venezuela since the beginning of the Fifth Republic is that of cooperatives. Cooperatives are forming in every sector of society and within every social movement. There are artisan, security, cultivation, sanitation, community media, and women’s cooperatives to name a few (PROVEA). According to the National Superintendency of Cooperatives (SUNACOOP) there were 1900 cooperatives in 2001. By July 2003 this number has risen to 10,000 representing 659,000 individuals. SUNACOOP lists 34 percent of all coops in the category of goods and services, 31 percent in food production, and 23 percent in transportation (Gov. pub. 2003)

For More Art and Chavez Social Economy See Venezuela: at : http://nyc.indymedia.org/newswire/display/88603/index.php

Or original article:
http://www.venezuelanalysis.com/articles.php?artno=1103


C. VENEZUELA. : February 2004; Venezuela and Colombia:
Two brother peoples that are resisting the imperialist offensive together; By Eduardo Farfan, a Venezuelan popular activist


http://www.farcep.org/pagina_ingles/

zonadistension@hotmail.com

The US has drawn up an expansionist, war-mongering plan for South America embodied in the FTAA. One of its elements, Plan Colombia, places special emphasis on Venezuela and Colombia as countries of the Andean region that constitute an important obstacle to the imposition of its hegemony over the continent. That explains the direct intervention of the CIA and ambassador Shapiro in the furtive coup d’etat of last April 11, in which the alliance of Fedecamaras (business association), Primero Justicia, the ill-named Civil society, the bureaucratic and opportunist leadership of the CTV (Venezuelan Workers’ Central) and the most reactionary sector of the military forces imposed a fascist dictatorship for 48 hours. Thanks to the reaction of the patriotic sector, the military forces and the Bolivarian people, President Hugo Chavez Frias, who was elected with the largest number of votes ever in the last decades, was restored to power. Nevertheless, the conspiracy continues and preparations are underway to launch another coup… as they attempt to find an institutional way out, such as the referendum or resignation of the President.

The decision of the US and the Creole oligarchy is to get rid of the government of Chavez since it disturbs their interests to have the presidential tribunal used to impregnate the people’s spirit with the ideas of Simon Bolivar and to call upon them to exercise their full sovereignty. On the other hand, let us not forget that Venezuela supplies the US with the petroleum needed for its development and is the leader of OPEC, so they need to have this vital resource secured in the hands of the bourgeois class, the guardian of their interests.

We Venezuelans have been obliged to play a decisive role in the current phase of the imperialist expansion because we possess such rich petroleum deposits, invaluable bioenergetic resources in the Amazonia, are the neighbors of Colombia and Cuba, and have a Constitution that prohibits the installation of foreign bases in our territory or use of our airspace for military actions and declares our territory a zone of peace. This of course forbids any possibility of an attack being launched, legally, from our soil against the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) or the National Liberation Army (ELN) or Cuba, which impedes the smooth application of Plan Colombia that the empire needs.

As Simon Bolivar said, “Our homeland is America” and “the US seems to be destined by Providence to plague America, in the name of freedom, with hunger and misery.” In the popular movement we are clear that only a political alliance of those who have always been excluded, armed with a program, a plan of struggle and our own, autonomous political project, will be capable of defeating the counterrevolution. This is what we strive for in our daily work with the communities that are organized.

While the working class remains held hostage by the CTV clique, the popular movement in the cities and the campesinos are on the offensive, and it is there that the enemy has his eyes fixed in the present juncture, particularly on the Bolivarian Circles which are multiple, diverse and various expressions of the people that in every neighborhood are for the defence and deepening of this process of democratic changes. After the events of April 11, we have proof of what awaits us if the right returns to power. Our people were assassinated in the streets of Caracas, the leaders of the popular movement were persecuted, harassed, some were taken prisoner, others tortured, and a big wave of police raids was unleashed all around the city. We have learned the lesson. We have revolutionary reserves for a long resistance because the problem is not if Chavez goes or if he stays; the problem is that the entire poor, marginalized, excluded people who in a short time have raised their level of political consciousness and are prepared to stake their lives because there is no turning back.

The president must feel very alone. He was betrayed by the military men who had his closest confidence, his Fifth Republic Movement, with a few exceptions, were caught in Miquelena’s nets, his directors are repeating the bureaucratic, patronage-based and corrupt practices of Puntofijismo, and have separated themselves completely from the people and their interests. If Chavez does not break through that cloud which keeps him from seeing and hearing the people, and really get into sync with them, he will be lost. The ones closet to him are opportunists who will jump ship when the situation gets complicated and will be the first to negotiate his head.

We believe the hour has arrived for the Latin American peoples and particularly the people of Venezuela, because what happens to us here will be critical for the brother Colombian people, and what happens there will also have repercussions here; there is no other alternative but to develop joint plans and programs, convert our borders into zones of revolutionary Bolivarianism. And what is more, it is already clear that in order to hit Cuba, that strategic alliance of evil will first have to bring down Venezuela and the insurgent forces of Colombia.

It is essential to rescue the spirit of popular rebellion and build the foundations of a true popular power with a sense of political and geographic territoriality, where the alternative communications media are the fundamental instrument for the organization and education of the people… we know that the next time the fascists are going to shoot and we want to avoid as many losses as we can.

The hope of the Bolivarian revolution is not in the parties that are with the President, nor in the patriotic sector of the armed forces, which are without a doubt important. The real actor is the organized people where there exists true leadership that is for structural changes, those for which the Bolivarian Constitution is not an end but an instrument for deepening this process of democratic change which, until April 11 had been peaceful. We are faced with the great challenge of becoming a country that advances toward socialism. If Simon Bolivar had to struggle against the monarchy to establish the liberal republic, we have to fight against that liberal republic to build our own model that fits our Latin American homeland’s yearnings for freedom.

As never before there is a space in Venezuela for freedom; no one is persecuted for publicly expressing their views. Our weakness is that there does not exist clear leadership other than that of President Chavez and the endeavors at unity in the bosom of the people are still very fragile. We are sure that those new leaders will appear in the midst of the struggle to guide our ship to a secure port. Little by little we will build the necessary instruments.

III. A. COLOMBIA: October 10, 2002; THE US-NARCO-DEATH SQUADS AGAINST THE PEOPLE

[Ed. This is a story that could have been from 10 years ago or from tomorrow: Try to remember that there are only two sides in Colombia: The Oligarchy and their US-Backed Narco-Paramilitary, Colombian Government Approved Armed Forces vs. the People and their armed forces the FARC-EP and ELN – and the thousands who risk their lives as human rights and labor organizers year after year.] http://www.anncol.com/October_eng/0410_rebels_kill_19_soldiers_in_antioquia.htm

REBELS KILL 19 SOLDIERS IN ANTIOQUIA;

In response to Colombian army troops and death squads attacking civilians in the east of Antioquia department a joint guerrilla force counterattacked and forced the state security forces to leave the area. ANNCOL received the following information from the FARC-EP and ELN guerrilla organisations. The information comes from a joint communiqué released from the mountains of Antioquia department on September 21st by the 9th Front of the FARC-EP and the ‘Carlos Alirio Buitrago’ Front of the ELN. Public Communiqué: - We would like to inform the people of Colombia and the World that between the 5th and 12th of September 2002 troops of the 4th and 14th Brigade of the Colombian Army, including among them men of the 4th Artillery Battalion, with the help of the Colombian Air Force, carried out a terror operation in the municipality of Granada in eastern Antioquia department. In the rural communities of Bellavista, Travesias, La Maria, El Libertador, La Estrella, El Oso, Bella Maria, and Buenavista and in the town of Santa Ana, the security forces attacked the civilian population and destroyed their property. They set fire to the property of peasant farmers, destroyed vehicles belonging to local residents, knocked down two warehouses containing food for the communities, destroyed six food shops and burnt down the community pharmacy. They also raided various houses and set alight to some of them. Four civilian inhabitants of the area were also detained and accused of being guerrillas. These actions were committed by regular troops in the presence of and with the assistance of members of the Attorney General’s office and the CTI special police. The attackers told the civilian population that paramilitaries would soon be arriving and they painted slogans on walls, on the district school and on the local sports arena announcing that the paramilitaries were on the way. This operation was confronted by a strong joint action by the 9th Front of the FARC-EP and the ‘Carlos Alirio Buitrago’ Front of the ELN. This joint force was assisted by the population of the zone and together we struck serious blows against the enemy, leaving 19 military dead and a large number injured. One of our own comrades also died in the battle. However, this operation did not stop the security forces from attempting to continue their campaign of terror against the population of eastern Antioquia. Again, this time on September 19th, they returned to the community of El Moline in the municipality of Cocorna and attacked the civilian population. Although this time they were dressed as AUC paramilitaries they were actually troops from the same Brigades as was confirmed by the identification cards found on the bodies of those we killed in our counterattack.

We would also like to draw attention to the permanent joint roadblocks maintained by the army and paramilitaries on the entrance and exit routes of the town of Granada where killing defenseless peasant farmers seems to have become their favourite sport. Only two days ago on the path leading from the community of Santa Ana to the town of Granada, three members of one family – a mother, father and child – were killed by these men. This is the daily horror faced by the population of the region as a result of the policy of terror that the Colombian State is implementing.

It is because of the permanent campaign of official terror described above that we would like to reaffirm our struggle and hope for a future of life and dignity for the Colombian people.
The Resistance is organised and the future is ours…!

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army (FARC-EP)
- National Liberation Army (ELN).


B. COLOMBIA: March 1, 2004; Quotes of Life -Colombiana

“This is my coin,” he assured me. “I would recognize it anywhere.” Faced with his emphatic tone, I had to admit my flippancy and ask for forgiveness. Then I tried to explain that I had invited him to look for the coin [he had told me about], because those of us who make a living by writing live for the hunt of minute coincidences and subtle proofs that reassure us that what we write is, if not necessary, at least useful. Because it responds to currents that flow beneath what is ordinarily apparent, currents that turn back upon themselves and twist fate in circles… the more I talked the more I got tangled up and the more magical my words seemed, and he listened to them, hypnotized, as if they were being spoken in some archaic tongue… (p. 19)
… “See that herd of wild pigs? They come down to the riverbank when they’re thirsty… if you look careful you can see tracks from the turtles who come out at night to lay eggs.” … a cadaver floated by, solemn and swollen like a bishop, so close to the boat that one of the boatmen had to push it away with the tip of his pole so that it wouldn’t flood them with its sweet smell of death. “Was he killed by the good guys or the bad guys?” he asked while the others continued to dance as if they hadn’t seen anything. “You never know she answered. “More every day. I don’t know why the dead look for the river, who knows where they want it to take them.”
- - Laura Restrepo, The Dark Bride, 1999.

C. COLOMBIA: March 1, 2004: US Embassy a Military Facility: a Target.
The US Embassy in Bogotá is the largest in the world. Most of the 1000 people who work there are CIA, NSA, DEA or functioning at least in part in a military capacity. Add to this the 800-900 official military related personnel active in military or police training and directing the coca fumigation drug war and pipeline protection programs and it is apparent that thousands of US military and espionage forces have already invaded Colombia with thousands more to come.
See: US war on Colombian rebels escalates;

http://www.anncol.org/side/286

D. COLOMBIA: January 27, 2003
Security Risk - Bogotanos ignore civil war. BOGATÁ DISPATCH - Security Risk by Rachel Van Dongen

http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=20030127&s=vandongen012703


Two days before he left office last August, Colombian President Andrés Pastrana was feted at Harry Sasson, a restaurant in the heart of this city's trendiest neighborhood. Dining on fusion cuisine on Sasson's patio, Pastrana chatted with the chef. Around him, Bogotá's rich and powerful danced salsa between the tables.

Bogotanos often ignore their country's serious problems, a willful denial that creates a massive divide between residents of the capital and other Colombians, fosters regional fragmentation, and--worst of all--helps prolong the country's conflicts. Large swaths of rural Colombia lack any military or police presence. It is here where the country's guerrilla movements prosper--in poor, rural areas, where their ideology and their promise of a better life appeal to peasants with no alternative other than coca-growing or subsistence-farming. It is in this environment that the FARC has grown from a peasant cooperative called the "Independent Republic of Marquetalia," numbering 1,000 in 1964, to an estimated 18,000 members with 70 fronts that today roam 40 percent of the country.

Politicos like Leon Valencia, a former ELN commander and now a political analyst, argue that this indifference has prolonged the 39-year conflict. In the sophisticated and well-protected capital, far-off provinces have long been ignored by policymakers, who pay little heed as militia movements in the hinterlands recruit members. Representing 25 percent of its gross domestic product, Bogotanos have the influence to demand an end to the conflict, yet they do not.

But perhaps a more serious long-term effect of Colombia's civil war is the threat of regional fragmentation. Colombia is broken up into 32 departments, the country's equivalent of states, and they are becoming so frustrated with Bogotano indifference and the central government's lack of success against insurgent groups that they are pursuing their own solutions. For departments like Arauca, along the Venezuelan border, priorities are simply different than those in the capital. In Bogotá, for instance, one major debate these days is whether the residents are overtaxed. In Arauca, by contrast, there were more than 300 homicides last year. The international Red Cross is also providing aid for Colombia's one million displaced persons.

http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=576&ncid=576&e=3&u=/nm/20040204/sp_nm/colombia_crisis_dc_1

E. COLOMBIA: February 4, 2004
UN Refugee Official Sees Major Colombian Crisis
, - Millions of people are fleeing armed violence in Colombia in the world's worst -- but largely ignored -- humanitarian crisis outside Africa, said a senior UN official, assistant High Commissioner for Refugees Kamel Morjan. He said the crisis was a regional and international problem, spilling across the borders of Colombia into neighboring countries and boosting refugee flows to the United States and Europe. "This is the worst humanitarian situation in the Western hemisphere, and the third-worst in the world after the DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo (news - web sites)) and Sudan," he told a news conference after a visit to the region.

F. COLOMBIA: February 28, 2004
Colombian rebels counter-attack in Huila: Clever Tactics Embarrass Military and Yield Rich Businessmen


Info drawn from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3488166.stm


FARC Colombian guerrillas hit back at government forces in the southern province of Huila. At least 12 soldiers were killed and 15 wounded in the attacks which end a series of victories by the security forces. The rebel operation began with an attack on an army camp in the town of Santa Maria where 50 rebels roundly defeated the military force leaving heavy casualties. But this attack was just a diversion to cover a kidnap operation in the nearby city of Neiva where guerrillas dressed as police drove into town and snatched three wealthy citizens. The guerrillas in both operations escaped back to their jungle strongholds.

President Uribe, elected on a promise to crush the rebel insurgency was furious at the guerrillas' audacity and sacked the general in command of the region and the head of the secret police.
See related comment at: www.anncol.org/side/288

G. COLOMBIA: February 2004; Silencios - Por Juan Salvador
http://www.movimientobolivariano.org/revista/revistanuevacolombianr1/silencios.html

Tantas y tantas veces ví en los ojos de mi abuelo el brillo del orgullo cuando descubría en mis infantiles actos una señal de inteligencia precoz en la manera como planeaba mis pilatunas; y ese brillo me decía que podía contar con su silencio; silencio cómplice como siempre lo llamaba mi Madre.

Aquellas escenas infantiles rebotan en la adolescencia cuando ese silencio que yo suplicaba en mi Madre se traducía en la confianza de que mi Padre no se enteraría pronto de las irresponsabilidades cometidas en las obligaciones colegiales. Silencio cómplice, el silencio de mi Madre.

Que distinto y que rabia cuando mi pequeño hermano de quien me vi amarrado a cuidarle su crecimiento, por la fuerza del proceso generacional, y tener que callar sus errores so pena de recibir los castigos por haberme descuidado. Mi madurez aun retardada no conocía la diferencia teórica del silencio solidario y del silencio obligado, pero las vivencias y los impactos en mis afectos y principios lograron marcar esa diferencia, la misma que hoy confunden desproporcionadamente para acomodar imágenes y redactar encuestas los que siempre han amordazado los gritos, las palabras, los cantos y los ayes.

Qué alegría de clase, qué felicidad militante siente un revolucionario cuando su gente, su pueblo, lo esconde, lo protege, le informa y siempre calla. Silencio conspirativo, silencio solidario, silencio que retumba y aturde los insensibles tímpanos del tirano. Qué rabia se siente cuando las protestas y reclamos, la denuncia y el dolor solo pueden expresarse con la mirada. Y son gritos silenciados que ahogan la garganta y agotan las cuerdas vocales por que la fría mirada de las armas y los asesinos te recuerdan que hasta el uso de la palabra es en Colombia un delito castigado con la muerte.

Para mas (en English, Portuguese, French) visita :

http://www.movimientobolivariano.org/revista/revistanuevacolombianr1/silencios.html

IV. A. HATI: 28 de Enero de 2004 ; Casual US Violent Coups Utilizing Death Squad Drug Gangs!; Macdonald Stainsby
Para: Discussions on the Socialist Register and its articles
Asunto: US Pushes For Regime Change In Haiti :


Washington has been determined to put Haiti under its complete control, get rid of President Aristide and install someone who will fully represent U.S. corporate interests. It has pursued this course ever since Aristide first won a smashing victory over the pro-U.S. candidate, Marc Bazin, in 1990. That was much more than an electoral victory--it was a mass movement that put into office someone the Haitian people wanted. U.S. policy since then has been set on reversing this defeat for U.S.- managed "democracy" in Latin America. Even though Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, economic pressure from the EU and the U.S.--shutting off promised aid, forbidding the Development Bank from distributing loans--hasn't been enough to dislodge Aristide. He still has a tremendous base of support among the poorest people. Progressives in the United States and other developed countries who want to support Haiti must realize that the media are waging a massive campaign of disinformation against the Haitian people and their government. Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., NY,
NY 10011; via e-mail: ww@wwpublish.com. Subscribe wwnews-
on@wwpublish.com. In the contradiction lies the hope --Brecht.

B. HAITI : March 2004: Ah!: Arsonists for Haiti?;
By RICHARD OXMAN

http://www.counterpunch.org/oxman03042004.html

"To become a civilized, moderate, responsible nation, in other words, we must first become a nation of extremists." -- George Monbiot

I almost spilled a hot cup of coffee on my son's lap when I overheard the talk in the adjacent booth at Peet's. … with all of my experience at the barricades-- I still did a cranial double-take when I heard three men discussing arson in nearby Aptos...on behalf of the Haitian people!

As George Monbiot points out in his Guardian/UK piece of March 2nd,
"Extreme Measures: The Only Way to Bring Down Blair and Change the Political Context is to Take Direct Action", people taking to the streets "must be accompanied by polite campaigns of lobbying and letter-writing." However, he's crystal clear that nothing will happen "unless we get off our butts and make it happen." He addresses the need to take some risk, and as I read his words I found myself nodding in agreement, noting the parallels for us in the U.S.

C. Haiti: March 1, 2004: X. Haiti: Monroe Fascism Again and Again;
Haiti, Is That One of the Tahitian Islands?: The Yuppie Silence; By JG



The "progressive" community in America has always and will continue to flabbergast my perception of know-all. The inherent quandary arises when we as activists posture as bovine simpletons, endorsing solely, strictly and religiously the movements associated with Pop Culture. For years I have battled a rising tide of anger, disbelief and RAGE. Oddly enough, these sentiments haven't been poised to attack the Dixiecrats of this era, rather aimed at the so-called activists. I wholeheartedly admit to a degree of selfishness pursuant to this discontent. By rite of heritage and blood, my foremost concern is that of the valiant men and women of Haiti.

At every juncture where I've taken to stage, in either a musical or oratorical capacity, the very mention of the word "Haiti" disconfigures otherwise stoic brows to shriveled temples of confusion. There may be a soul or two who are familiar with the Mariel Boat Lift, Abner Louima or the Crome Detention Center. On rare occasion, a timid comrade will approach me wishing to debate the guerilla strategies perfected by L'Overture and Desaillines. However, I can't possibly count the incidents of "Dude, I really feel for your people of Tahiti" Tahiti, this from a cadre ostensibly involved with progressive endeavors!

This phenomenon of intellectual ignorance could partly be blamed on the indoctrination of educational systems stateside; partly. The ideological commissars have done well in reducing Haiti's entire existence to a mere 12 syllables: The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. If their wiles were flawless, we would all be imprisoned by the incessant humdrum of consumerism, oblivious to even the most fractional of societal abuses Please! How is that this planetary orb has often been wondered by macrocosmic manifestations of solidarity and humanitarianism; exhibitions in defiance of the power structure's mendacity and disdain, preceded by infinite microcosmic, grass-roots trials; how? As evidenced by the past and current showings of leftist complacency (for the most part) specific to the socio-economic plight of the Haitian Global Village, there is a lurking stimulus aside from the aforementioned ones.

Many countries in Latin America have a valid claim to being the beacon for Third World oppression, injustice etc. The progressives have sanctioned a milieu of struggles in a majority of the countries in query, and rightly so ­ But, and a gargantuan one at that, if there is a single nation in this hemisphere that has beheld the back of humanitarian… it is Haiti… Confused and bewildered I remain.
For more see: http://nyc.indymedia.org/newswire/index.php

[ JG is the lead Emcee for the politically leftist Hip-Hop duet, Over The Counter Intelligence (JG & HavikenHayes), based in Fort Lauderdale Florida. They are most recognized through their support of various grassroots organizations throughout the country; most notably The Coalition of Immokalee Workers -- The Taco Bell Boycott ]

V. FACTS AND FRAUD:
A. Late 2002 – 75% of US people thought US foreign policy considers other countries interests. Of 30 countries surveyed – only 35 percent believed the same –

B. In 2002 the US bombed Iraq more than once a week.

VI. A. ECUADOR: January 2003; by James Petras, Rebelión

http://www.rebelion.org/petras/english/petras290103.htm

In Ecuador, for instance, many of the Indians who are leaders integrated into electoral politics and part of the center-left regimes are local traders, transport owners and recipients of funds from overseas NGO's. They profit as intermediaries and see themselves as part of the upwardly mobile middle class. When I asked one such indigenous leader about bi-lingual education, he told me that it was for "poor people", he sent his children to Spanish language schools, because "that is the way to achieve success in life". The growing class differentiation within "Indian communities" shatters the image of identity ideologues who reject class analysis in favor of imputing cultural attributes to entire ethnic groups. The centrality of socio-economic divisions within ethnic groups has pronounced political consequences - the transformation of movements into reformist electoralist parties.

B. ECUADOR: March 1, 2004; The MOBILIZATION SUMMONED BY THE CONAIE ACHIEVED THE REARTICULACION OF THE MOVEMENTS INDIGENA, SOCIAL AND POPULAR.

Leonidas Iza, Presidente of The Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), who suffered an assassination attempt in February by forces connected to Presisdent Gutierrez (his brother!) says that the mobilization can be reactivated at any time and rise against the government if it does not understand the message that was sent to him. CONAIE decided to suspend the national mobilization after having reached the objective of rearticulación of the indigenous, social and popular movement that has demonstrated its capacity of mobilization to challenge the government of Lucio Gutiérrez who is forced to change the political and socioeconomic conduction of the country. "This position cannot be waived for the Ecuadorian people feels today more than ever betrayed. True destabilizing and the one that dictates to governments in Ecuador and other countries is the IMF."

The provincial, regional and local mobilizations that defend the people demand the fulfillment of their aspirations. CONAIE endorsed the demands of the Provincial Assembly of Cotopaxi as well as the sovereignty of the actions that decide to reach the objective of the construction of the Plurinacional State.

The CONAIE reiterates its repudiation of the violence and the persecution of indigenous, social leaders and protesters, demands a deep investigation of the actors, accomplices and accessories after the fact of the homicides and attacks against sectors of the political opposition. As well as indemnification for the hurt companeros caused by the bullets of repression: the Armed Forces in the Nabón Corner province of the Azuay and in the province of the Cotopaxi, We demand the immediate freedom of all the prisoners from the mobilizations.

The Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador present the MANDATE FOR PEACE and a LIFE WITH DEMOCRACY and SOBERANIA that constitutes the urgent demands of the Ecuadorian people. CONAIE, Ecuarunari, CONFEUNASSC and other organizations of the mobilizations made during days 16 and 17 of February, 2004 have demonstrated their unshakeable unity and their rejection of the policy of terror, repression and violence generated by the National Government. The Social and Popular Organizations who mobilized in defense of Peace, Democracy and the Sovereignty demand:
* The immediate investigation of the attacks to the companion Leonidas Iza, Patricio Bell, the threats and persecution to leaders (Imprisonment of the companion Humberto Cholango); to demand the sanction for the intellectual and material authors of the attacks and threats.
* Indemnification immediate to the wounded in the mobilizations and immediate freedom of the prisoners in Nabón-Azuay and Cotopaxi
* Respect and guarantee to the freedom of expression, the free exercise of mass media (radios the Moon, Tarqui and Quito) and guarantee to the right of protest.
* To demand the National Government to undertake the measures necessary to face the farming crisis of Ecuador and the clear implementation of policies and strategies for the productive reactivation of the Ecuadorian land, specially of the small and medium producers.
* To implement: credit for medium and small producers, irrigation, commercialization and better prices and technologies.
* Creation of the Institute of Irrigation Farmer
* Creation of Compensation of 200 million dollars to face the farming crisis caused by the drought, frosts and ash.
* To facilitate and to make access to credit for small producers from the Development bank (250 million dollars) with diminished requirements and proceedings.
* To reject the Plan "New Horizons" of the South Commando of the U.S.A. and the military maneuvers "Cabins" in as much are strategies to involve to the country in the Colombia Plan and to demand the Head of the Joint Commando who explains to the country the commitments that are being assumed with the South Commando of the North American Army.
* To demand to the government the suspension immediately of all negotiations to any treaty of free commerce with the United States that injures the interests of the Ecuadorians.
* To reject the negotiations of the ALCA and the TLC and to demand its immediate suspension
* To demand to the National Congress immediately pass the Law of Biodiversity.
* To demand to the government suspend the payment of the External Debt and its immediate audit.
* To demand the National Government send to the Congress the Reformation de Laws of the constitution of the FEIREP, in such a way that 70% of these funds are destined to education, Health and community development.
•* To demand that the national Government budget take care of the necessities for Bilingual Intercultural Education, the Direction of Indigenous Health and the Council of Nationalities and People of Ecuador.*
•* To demand to the National Government the following points with respect to the Social Security:* Creation of the Social Bank of Ecuador
* Extension and improvement of the services that lend the IESS and the SSC
* Payment of the 2,200 million dollars owed by the State to the IESS.
* Restitution of the 300 million trimmed dollars of the budget of the IESS.
* To guarantee the provision of cheap medicines for the clinics of the SSC
* To endorse provincial mandates and to demand to the National Government its immediate answer and fulfillment.

VII. MOVIES A. : March 5, 2004: The Red By Prensa Rural/IPS:
The Colombian documentary film "El baile rojo" (The Red Dance), marks an effort to restore collective memory of an experiment in reconciliation that was erased by blood and fire from the country's political map. The film's title comes from the name of the extermination operation against the Patriotic Union (UP), a legal leftist movement proposed in 1984 by the FARC guerrillas as a political means to end the civil war.

The documentary, by Yezid Campos, has testimonies from 25 survivors of nine different incidents, of the 3,000 that were tallied by Reiniciar ('restart'), a non-governmental organisation that is leading the UP's collective petition filed with the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights. One of the victims was the popular UP senator, Manuel Cepeda (picture), who was killed by fascist paramilitaries linked to Colombian Army units in 1994.The UP emerged as part of the peace accords reached in March 1984 between the government of Belisario Betancur (1982-1986) and the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia). It was to serve as the tool for the country's largest guerrilla force to lay down arms after 20 years of waging war against the state. The UP was intended as the means to shift the insurgents to civilian life and legal political activity.

Amidst an atmosphere of optimism and hope, political leaders promoted the creation of the UP through alliances with regional movements of a range of ideological leanings. Joining the UP was the Communist Party, which had a national presence, and the guerrillas, who participated in public meetings in which the aims of the UP were explained. The new political group was successful in its first elections, in 1986, putting 14 of its representatives in Congress, including two FARC commanders. The UP also won 18 seats on 11 regional legislatures, and 335 seats on 187 city and town councils. That same year, former judge Jaime Pardo Leal, as the UP presidential candidate, won the most votes ever obtained by a party other than the long-standing Liberal and Conservative parties.

But the peace experiment was cut short by the pure and simple elimination of UP militants -- whether through outright massacres, extra-judicial executions or forced disappearances. The UP supporters were also subjected to baseless criminal trials, attempted assassinations and threats of all kinds.
Read more at Prensa Rural

VIII. BOOKS A. : A Future for Socialism by John Roemer- Review by Robin Hahnel
http://www.ideas.coop/portada.html
According to Samuel Bowles, A Future for Socialism by John Roemer is “measured, highly accessible, and most of all compelling.” Spurred by this enthusiastic recommendation [his former teacher] I tore into the text anticipating penetrating insights about why, in Roemer’s words, “socialism is not dead.” I found Roemer’s book uninformed rather than measured, pedantic rather than accessible, and completely uncompelling. [I]f Roemer’s model of what he sometimes calls “managerial market socialism” and sometimes a “coupon economy” were all that remains of socialism—socialism should be dead. In his chapter “A Brief History of Market Socialism” Roemer manages never to mention a single theorist of labor-managed market socialism. Apparently Benjamin Ward, Evsy Domar, Branko Horvat, Jaroslav Vanek never wrote a worthy word on the subject of market socialism… without mentioning them or their arguments, Roemer tells us: “Contemporary models of labor-managed market socialism all recognize that firms must raise capital from non members and this would, to some unknown extent, compromise the autonomy of workers with regard to control of the firm.” Roemer does not enlighten us on why the autonomy of stockholders is not compromised when capitalist firms “raise capital from non members” by selling bonds or taking out bank loans. But no matter. He continues: “it is therefore not clear to what extent the managerial and labor-managed proposals for market socialism really differ.” I think I will leave modern disciples of labor-managed market socialism like David Schweikart and Tom Weisskopf to educate Roemer on the difference

BOOKS B.: WWW.AntiWar.Com; Center for Responsive Politics:
Where to find what lobbyists work for which corporations at what price. CIA Electronic Documents Release Center: A catalogue of CIA materials released through the Freedom of Information Act. Name Base: Find out who's who in the CIA. One of the web's leading research sites. Open Secrets:
“One prince of the present time, whom it is not well to name, never preaches anything else but peace and good faith, and to both he is most hostile, and either, if he had kept it, would have deprived him of reputation and kingdom many a time." -- Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince: Concerning The Way In Which Princes Should Keep Faith, Florence, 1532

BOOKS C. – Masters of War: Latin America and US Aggression – Clara Nieto, 2003 by 7 Stories Press – On the mining of Nicaragua’s harbors and ports at Puerto Sandino, Bluff and Corrinto in Jan 1984, an angered US Senator Barry Goldwater said: “[it’s] an act of violating international law. It’s an act of war. For the life of me, I don’t see how we are going to explain it.” – p. 3 44, “Under the Reagan administration the US was the paradigm of a terrorist state.”

BOOKS D.: Shooting the Moon: True Story of an American Manhunt, David Harris
– “General Manuel Noriega is a POW: the only officially recognized US prisoner held under the Geneva conventions “ – he is the only one…
BOOKS E. - Death Squads in Global Perspective
- B. Campbell and A. Brenner

BOOKS F.: The powerlessness of anti-power [ Powerlessness ]


http://www.isreview.org/issues/27/holloway.shtml

See also : http://www.rebelion.org/petras/english/040304capitalism.htm

Review of Change the World Without Taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today,
by John Holloway, Pluto Press 2002, 237 pages, $25; Review by Paul D'Amato

THIS BOOK has made a stir among the new left in Latin America. Its author, John Holloway, a Scottish professor who teaches at the Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences at Autonomous University of Puebla (Mexico), has been compared to Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, authors of Empire, as having written a book that reflects the sensibilities of broad sections of the newly emerging left in Latin America, if not the concerns of global justice movement activists everywhere. The popular Spanish-language Web site Rebelion has a "left debate" page that has had numerous articles over the past year revolving around the ideas expressed in Holloway’s book. And no wonder. His philosophy of "anti-power" in many ways mirrors the anti-political tendencies in the struggles which exploded in Argentina in December 2001… Holloway’s most important influence is the Zapatista movement in Chiapas, Mexico, whose 1994 rebellion was in many ways the political touchstone of many global justice activists. The significance of the Zapatistas, for Holloway, is that they aim to "make the world anew, to create a world of dignity, a world of humanity, but without taking power."

[I]t is a painfully abstract and difficult book to read, repetitive, tedious and full of jargon that seems to have been specially invented to package the author’s ideas–and to confuse the rest of us. Holloway’s views are an eclectic mix. His opposition to all forms of "power" is reminiscent of classic anarchism. His rejection of our ability to have scientific knowledge of a fragmented reality, and that reality consists of a series of fragmented power relations, is reminiscent of the postmodernist theories of Michel Foucault and others. Holloway’s most important influence is a set of ideas advanced by Italian autonomists such as Antonio Negri, called "Open Marxism." Holloway’s line of argument is as follows:
1. Human beings are trapped like flies in a web of unequal social relations–which, from our limited, partial vantage point, we struggle against. To change the world, however, we cannot do as past social movements based on Marxism have done, that is–seize power. The attempt to seize state power (by force or through elections) always ended in recreating the power relations the revolution was meant to abolish.

… -[ but ] If workers seize one factory in Buenos Aires and decide to run it themselves, this is not necessarily a problem for the system as a whole. The workers will be forced, according to the pressures of the market, to adapt, to exploit themselves. But if there is a whole series of factory takeovers, and those factories link up and form an assembly of factory delegates–that is when capital begins to worry. The success or failure of this process can only be determined, in the end, by a revolutionary event, in which it is decided which class will run society as a whole.

In the final chapter, "Revolution?," (in a rare moment of lucidity) Holloway agrees along with Marx that the "expropriators must indeed be expropriated." This, whether Holloway likes it or not, requires power, that is, the power of the working class first to take over the factories, the hospitals, the mines and the schools and to break up the armed forces of reaction. Any rejection of this necessary organized, centralized power by the working class will result in the movement’s defeat. Was this not the lesson of the Spanish Civil War, in which the anarchists who had virtual control of Barcelona in 1936 ceded power to the old state because, as anarchists, they rejected all power?

The movement in Argentina is already grappling with the question of how to move beyond "they should all go," whereas Holloway wants to "fix" the struggle at this stage. "They should all go" [Que se Vayan Todos!] can be interpreted, ultimately, in many different ways. The question of what next will eventually be answered either by the reconstitution of order on the basis of the emergence of new reformist parties or leaders who will counter some degree of legitimacy to the political process, even if only temporarily; or by forcible restoration of order. Holloway’s book not only fails to answer the key questions of what do to next, but logically leads away from the right answers and toward a glorification of utopian lifestyle experiments that cannot offer a way forward.

See full article at: http://print.indymedia.org/news/2004/03/1734.php


THE FEW THE BRAVE – THE GENOCIDAL – US Military Base Awards

http://ecuador.indymedia.org/es/2004/02/4896.shtml

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?